刘杰、李响

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On 27 January 2010, the State Council promulgated the Regulations on Prevention of and Preparedness for Meteorological Disasters (Decree No. 570), and the Regulation became effective as of 1 April 2010. The legal document further regulates the relationship among governments at various levels, relevant departments and general public in activities to prevent and prepare for meteorological disasters in terms of rights and obligations, and it also creates a legal mechanism featuring unified government leadership, collaborations with multiple departments, and broad social participation, which puts in place a more sound system for meteorological disaster prevention and preparedness involving “government leading, joint efforts by governmental agencies, and participation of social entities”. So far, 24 provinces (including autonomous regions or municipalities) have prepared 43 plans for meteorological disaster prevention and preparedness at the county level; 157 counties have conducted certifications for emergency responses to meteorological disasters in townships; 58 villages in 10 provinces have launched demonstrative projects for thunder and lightning protection in rural areas; governments of 31 provinces have deployed their agro-meteorological service systems and meteorological disaster prevention systems in rural areas; 9 provinces have carried out mapping on agro-meteorological disaster risks and refined agro-climatic zonations; and 8 provinces have designated volunteers for meteorological information delivery in villages.

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