In this winter, the average temperature of China was -3.8℃, 0.4℃ lower than the same period of normal years (-3.4℃). In most areas of Northeast China, eastern Inner Mongolia, most areas of North China, the Yellow-Huaihe Valley, the Yangtze-Huaihe Valley, the Yangtze-Hanshui Valley, central-northern Xinjiang and part areas of western Tibet, the temperatures were lower than normal years. In other areas of China, the temperatures were close to or higher than the normal.
Moreover, in this winter, the average precipitation in China was 36.0mm, 9.5% lower than the same period of normal years (39.8 mm). In most areas of Northeast China, eastern Inner Mongolia, eastern and southern North China, the Yellow-Huaihe Valley, the Yangtze-Huaihe Valley, northern South of Yangtze River, central-eastern Northwest China and western Tibet, the precipitation was 50%-200% higher than the same period of normal years. However, the precipitation in southwestern Xinjiang, southeastern Northwest China, central Inner Mongolia, western North China, western Yangtze-Hanshui Valley, eastern and southwestern South China was 50%-80% lower than normal years.
Influenced by the cold air, China had been hit by extreme low temperature, extreme daily cooling, and extreme continuous cooling in this winter. In China, there were 128 meteorological stations reaching the level of extreme daily low temperature and they were distributed mainly in northern North China, northeastern Southwestern China and Xinjiang. Meanwhile, 141 meteorological stations saw extreme daily cooling and were distributed in southern Northeast China, South China, Qinghai and Tibet. In Heilongjiang, Qinghai and Tibet, there were 45 meteorological stations saw continuous extreme cooling.
Editor Shi Long