刘杰\李响

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Climate services are becoming more and more vital to human being’s adaptation to climate variability and climate change. As one of the most affected countries in the world, China has attached great importance to meteorological disaster prevention and mitigation. To play a leading role, Chinese meteorological departments are making steady efforts to strengthen the capabilities on climate system monitor, research, prediction, information sharing and service delivery. In following with the WMO’s on-going initiative GFCS, CMA is improving the China Framework for Climate Services (CFCS) which puts priorities on risk management on agriculture and water resource, user interface, assessment of meteorological disaster and vulnerability, and climate operational capacity of service-driven.
Overview
 
  Climate services are provided at four levels: regional, national, provincial, and prefectural, separately by the Beijing Climate Centre, National Climate Centre, 31 provincial climate centres and 317 prefectural meteorological offices.
  CMA has realized the integrated observation of atmosphere, ocean, land and space environment. Steady efforts are made in improving the ensemble of multi-models to enhance the prediction from extended term, month, season, to decades.
  Through regular meetings and communication mechanisms supported by new technologies, Chinese meteorological departments have been improving interface with users such as governments, sectors, general public and regional users.
  Climate services for governmental decision-making, economic sectors and the general public are provided in China, on predictions, climate events, trends, climate disasters, assessment and advisories.
  CMA has established a extreme weather and climate events monitoring, diagnosis and forecasting system and established comprehensive indexes for extreme events such as droughts, floods, heat waves, low temperature, and typhoons.
Highlights
 
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