Climate provides basic living conditions for human beings. As a multi-climate zone country, China is also strongly affected by all kinds of extreme weather and climate events, with a warming earth. China is now making efforts to manage climate risks and utilize climate resources as well to adapt to climate change and variability.

China has established its operational climate operations system, including climatic monitoring and diagnosis, short-term climate predictions, climate impact assessment, climate applications and service delivery, and exploitation and utilization of climate resources. Now China is able to monitor the atmosphere, ocean and parts of the cryosphere in real time. The CMA has established its climate prediction system combining statistical methods with dynamic climate models, making qualitative and quantitative assessment of climate impacts on agriculture, water resources, transportation, energy, ecological environment and human health.