2017 National Day for Disaster Preparedness and Reduction

12-05-2017Source:China Meteorological News Press

The ninth National Day for Disaster Preparedness and Reduction (May 12) in 2017 is around the corner, with the theme of alleviating disaster risks in communities and uplifting capabilities of disaster reductionin grass roots. China is confronted with more complicated natural disasters, more serious disaster risks and heavier disaster losses. Chinese meteorological departments spearheaded by CMA is harnessing modern science and technology, reinforcing collaboration with related sectors, building a safer society through improved forecast, risk management, cross-sector linkage mechanism, and enhanced capabilities in rural areas.

CMA working mechanism for disaster preparedness and reduction
CMA has actively carried out Meteorological Disaster Defense Regulation, National Meteorological Disaster Defense Plan (2009-2020), Opinions on Strengthening Meteorological Disaster Monitoring, Early Warning and Information Release and other laws and regulations, established the inter-ministry meeting for meteorological disaster early warning, and launched the CMA meteorological disaster early warning inter-ministry coordination platform and CMA meteorological decision MMS, etc.

Weather Modification

CMA has set up the Weather Modification Centre, formed an organizational management system consisting of leaders of governments of all levels and meteorological administration of all levels, and carried out weather modification services in 30 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities). The services include airplane artificial precipitation (rain or snow), hail suppression and fog dispersal. The weather modification centre offers effective services for development and utilization of water resources in the air, improvement of the ecological environment, alleviation of drought, reduction of losses caused by hail, improvement of visibility of airports and highways, fire prevention in forest and grassland and important social events. (Click more details) 

Improving scientific and technological level

Flood season is always characterized by high impact and disastrous weather, threatening people’s life and property. Tracking the weather and making accurate forecast and early warning are significant for people to prepare for the severe weather. In this regard, CMA has never stopped improving its technologies and machenims to provide better forecast and services.

China launched next-generation geostationary meteorological satellite FY-4A at 00:11 BJT on December 11,2016. FY series meteorological satellites are playing an important role in weather forecasts, climate predictions, and ecoenvironment and natural disaster monitoring, etc. They have been widely used in marine activities, agriculture, forestry, water resource, civil aviation, ocean navigation, and environment protection, as a model for satellite applications for civil purposes. The ground application system for FY satellites consists of the Beijing Data Processing Centre, 5 ground receiving stations (i.e. at Beijing, Guangzhou, Urumqi, Jiamusi in China, and Kiruna in Sweden), and many User Service Stations across the country. It receives and processes remote-sensing data from more than 10 domestic and foreign satellites on a routine basis, generating nearly a hundred satellite products that are tailored to the needs of different users each day. These products are disseminated to users within the Asia-Pacific region via dedicated links, the Internet, the CMA-Cast data broadcasting system for government decision-making, disaster prevention, preparedness and mitigation, as well as services in response to global climate change.(Click more details)

Progress of GRAPES  

GRAPES_GFS V2.0 (hereinafter referred to as GRAPES), the new generation of Global/Regional Assimilation and Prediction Enhanced System which is independently developed by CMA, has been put into formal operation. Since that day, all provincial, regional and municipal meteorological services can receive products of GRAPES_GFS V2.0 through CMACast system and provide utilization for users by CIMISS. (Click more details) 

GRAPES relative humidity forecast in MICAPS 4.0

MICAPS4.0, the fourth generation of Meteorological Information Comprehensive Analysis and Process System, has been put into operation in whole Chinese meteorological departments. Its matched distributed data storage system basing on CIMISS, China Integrated Meteorological Information Sharing System, was popularized. MICAPS 4.0 firstly integrates ensemble forecast and grid forecast to improve meteorological data-access and application capabilities. (Click more details)

China Integrated Meteorological Information Service System (CIMISS) has been put into operation officially in 25 provincial level meteorological services, which marks national and provincial level meteorological departments possess unified data environment. (Click more details)

Besides, all provincial meteorological sectors also continue to improve their capabilities to manage disaster risks, such as Beijing, Shanghai,Tianjin, Chongqing, Shaanxi, Guangdong, Hunan, Hubei, etc. 

Disaster risks reduction in local levels

Meteorological departments at local levels have made endeavor to upgrade capabilities to address disaster risks. For example, Zunyi exerts large efforts in promoting capacity building in now-casting operation in a bid to better manage disaster risks.In Tianmen, 3 regional automatic stations have been put into operation recently and achieved the full coverage of monitoring network.

May 8 to May 14 is the outreach week of disaster prevention and mitigation. Recently, China Meteorological Administration (CMA) has issued a notice requiring meteorological departments at all localities to raise awareness, have an accurate understanding of meteorological disaster prevention and mitigation tasks, and make proper arrangements for this event.Recently, different regions have conducted various activities on the occasion of this event.Efforts are also made in enhancing public outreach of scientific knowledge for meteorological disaster prevention and mitigation in villages, schools, local communities, enterprises and public transport systems.(Click more details) 

Furthermore, CMA has built various channels for releasing meteorological disaster early-warning information including TV, mobile phone, radio, internet, electronic display, newspaper, meteorological micro blogs, etc. CMA has conducted close-knitted cooperation with governments and telecommunication companies, thus making meteorological early warning information more available. (Click more details) 
Editor: Liu Shuqiao, Hao Jing