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Meteorological service helps poverty alleviation

22-05-2018Source:China Meteorological News Press

Poverty alleviation is a systematic project entailing a set of supporting policies and mechanisms, as well as full participation of the entire society. Actually, it has become an important component of China’s national strategy.

The Chinese government places poverty alleviation high on its agenda

Since 2012, the new leadership of CPC has placed premium on development-oriented poverty alleviation. Poverty alleviation has been incorporated into China’s overall approach to building socialism with Chinese characteristics, which is to promote coordinated progress in economic, political, cultural, social and ecological areas. The Chinese government has ever since kept up funding for poverty alleviation and reduction, implemented reforms and innovations to the working mechanism, encouraged all sectors of society to participate in poverty alleviation efforts, and improved the democratic supervision mechanism to ensure the effectiveness of poverty alleviation.

  

Operational staff from Tuquan meteorological office installed agricultural meteorological observation system

This year,China, at the annual session of National People’s Congress in Beijing, has pledged to lift another 10 million people out of poverty in its rural areas. The ambitious call for action embodies the country's earnest efforts to shake off poverty, after more than 68 million people have been lifted out of poverty over the past five years.

China has adopted a multi-sectoral approach to poverty reduction, which brings together agro-industry development, food security, social protection, health, education and ecological restoration. Among these, agro-industry development has been given priority, since it is paramount to lift the poor out of poverty in a sustainable manner.

China is aiming to eliminate poverty by 2020, according to the latest 13th Five-Year Plan period (2016-2020), which targets 70 million remaining poor. President Xi Jinping has set specific goals to reach the target: lifting 10 million people out of poverty per year between 2016 and 2020, and providing a social safety net for the remaining 20 million poor who are unable to work.

Governments at all levels as well as institutions such as universities have all demonstrated dedication to reduce poverty, which led to fruitful partnerships that were working towards a shared goal.

 

Government officials learned about the corn harvest conditions in Yangshan village, Shaanxi

Meteorology makes contribution to poverty reduction

Meteorology can also do the tric in poverty alleviation. When it comes to meteorology supporting poverty alleviation, it boils down to reducing poverty by harnessing technologies.

This year marks the full implementation of poverty alleviation and supporting services by meteorological sectors.

The decision of the State Council on winning the fight against poverty issued on December,10, 2015 emphasized the establishment of agricultural meteorological service system and disaster prevention system in impoverished regions.

Meteorology serving poverty alleviation should be fully integrated into national poverty alleviation campaign. Since 2010, China Meteorological Administration (CMA) has put in over RMB 100 million in 259 national-level poverty-stricken counties. Since the last 1990s, CMA has dispatched 38 young officers and staff to conduct targeted poverty alleviation work in areas such as Chaoyang city, Liaoning;Hangjin Banner, Ordos City, and Tuquan County under Hinggan League,and Inner Mongolia.

Major strategies of CMA poverty alleviation campaign are composed of the construction of agricultural meteorological disaster prevention system, the establishment of agricultural meteorological service system, meteorological disaster prevention and mitigation, climate resource development and application, and ecological civilization construction.

Volunteer from Xiangyang meteorological office provides technical support for farmers

On April 27, 2016,CMA published the meteorological support action plan for poverty eradication (2016-2020). The action plan put forward the goal of establishing two systems of meteorology serving agriculture in impoverished regions by 2020. The two systems are meteorological disaster prevention system and agricultural meteorological service system. It will also enhance service capabilities in terms of meteorological disaster monitoring and early warning and joint response, weather modification, clean energy development, agricultural meteorology, tourism meteorology and meteorological disaster prevention and mitigation information. All these efforts will lend help to eradicate poverty, improve people’s livelihood, and achieve common prosperity. It will be in line with the principle of demand-driven, region-specific, targeted poverty alleviation initiative. The action plan calls for a reinforced leadership and organization, steady steps in implementation, innovative work mechanism, and frequent exchange of experience.

Meteorological sector takes advantage of technologies and its mechanism, reinforce meteorological disaster prevention and mitigation in impoverished regions, conduct application of meteorological resources, and provide supporting services for ecological civilization construction.

Meteorological sector combines the practice to proactively take measures such as disaster prevention and reduction, characteristic industries promotion, ecological preservation, education development, and climate action in poverty alleviation.

Small climate observation station installed in vegetable cultivation greenhouse in agricultural science park

Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Regional Meteorological Service has formulated a refined meteorological service network, which has witnessed noticeable poverty alleviation achievements.

In the cooperative society in Mashan County, meteorological data can be transmitted to the smart system on a real-time basis. With the support of Nanning Municipal Government and meteorological department, the cooperative society has set up a system integrating accurate meteorological monitoring and water and fertilizer integrated irrigation. Currently, agricultural plantation does not resign itself to the control of fate any more. On the strength of accurate prediction and warning information of meteorological departments, scale cultivation has yielded preliminary results. From 2014 to 2017, the income increase for per low income household has upped by 6000 RMB on an annual basis.

In 2017, staff from Zhangqiu, Jinan meteorological department conducted a filed trip to lucid ganoderma cultivation base. Staff checked its growth conditions and reminded farmers to conduct greenhouse humidity and sunlight management work. Since the inception of accurate poverty mitigation work, Zhangqiu meteorological department has taken concrete measures to beef up scientific support for poverty alleviation and provided meteorological services and suggestions for agricultural products cultivation structure adjustment.

 

Meteorological Staff checked the growth of lucid ganoderma in Zhangqiu, Jinan

Up to date, meteorological departments have scored phenomenal progress in the following aspects: reinforcing agro-meteorological disaster prevention and mitigation, helping tackle poverty incurred by disasters. In 832 national-level poverty-stricken counties, 19317 automatic stations have been established; underscoring the effective supply of meteorological services, assisting in modern agricultural production; prioritizing clean energy development; enhancing ecological meteorological services; furthering scientific outreach; highlighting scientific innovation; conducting targeted poverty alleviation work; improving organization and leadership.

Poverty alleviation at the grassroots level has its secret weapons as well. Meteorological staff at the grassroots level can go to poor households to inquire about their situations; hold meteorological knowledge outreach training; establish early warning information reception terminals; fund thunder-proof equipment; conduct artificial rain enhancement and hail prevention; establish disaster prevention and mitigation demonstration villages; win supports from government on“agriculture, country and farmer” project and so on.(May.22)

Editor: Liu Shuqiao