Stations were accredited with the title of WMO Centennial Observing Station

16-01-2018Source:China Meteorological News Press

On January 16,during 2018 national meeting of provincial meteorological service directors, Ms. Liu Yaming, Administrator of China Meteorological Administration (CMA) and Permanent Representative of China to WMO, conferred certificate of WMO Centennial Observing Stations to Hohhot, Changchun, and Yingkou observing stations. Dr. Yu Xinwen, Deputy Administrator of CMA read out the list of centennial observing stations in China recognized by WMO.

Logo of Centennial Observing Stations (Hohhot).

Logo of Centennial Observing Stations (Changchun).

On May 17, 2017, on the occasion of 69th Session of the WMO Executive Council, weather stations in namely, Hohhot, Changchun, Yingkou, and Hong Kong filed by CMA, finally had their name listed on the first batch of centennial observing stations recognized by WMO. 

Logo of Centennial Observing Stations (Yingkou).

Logo of Centennial Observing Stations (Xujiahui).

Hohhot, Changchun, and Yingkou station were founded in 1914, 1908, and 1904, respectively. In addition, Hong Kong Observatory (HKO) was established in 1883. It is informed that centennial stations must cater to an agreed list of requirements as follows: the observing station was founded at least 100 years ago; periods of inactivity of the observing station shall not exceed 10 percent during the last 100 years (excluding periods beset by armed conflicts and natural disasters); the observing station has not been subject to known relocations, which have affected the climatological characteristics, and so on.

Long-term meteorological observations are a precious component of cultural and scientific heritage of mankind as they are unique sources of previous information on atmospheric parameters as references for climate variability and climate change assessment. To underscore this significance, WMO has created a mechanism for recognizing long-term observing stations. The mechanism is designated to advocate sustainable observational standards and best practices which facilitates the generation of high-quality time series data in the future.

From the outset of 2018, CMA has kick-started centennial observing stations identification work. Observing stations identified by Centennial Observing Stations in China will be incorporated into the key protection list and made public, garner the protection commitment delivered by endemic governments, guarantee long-term meteorological observation and climate data accumulation work, which will bear instrumental significance in climate change research, ecological civilization construction, and sci-tech support. Afterwards, CMA will proceed to select eligible observing stations and continue to file for WMO Centennial Observing Stations.(Jan. 16)

Reporter: Lu Jian, Yang Xiaowu

Editor: Liu Shuqiao