Chinese meteorological satellite technologies will serve Arab states development

13-07-2018Source:China Meteorological News Press

On July 10, Chinese President Xi Jinping delivered a speech at the opening ceremony of the eighth ministerial meeting of the China-Arab States Cooperation Forum at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. Xi mentioned that China and Arab states should co-build “Belt and Road” spatial information corridor and promote space cooperation. At the same time, Beidou navigation system and meteorological remote sensing satellite technologies should be forged ahead to serve Arab states development.

FY meteorological satellites, as the instrumental members among global earth observation satellites, encompass 8 in-orbit satellites, with observation data open to the globe and shared on a real-time basis, which can provide custom-made meteorological satellite remote-sensing products and high frequency weather monitoring services.

FY satellites can provide products and services for Arab states

Arab states are predominantly located along “Belt and Road” territories. Meteorological hazards are frequent. There are myriad meteorological observation blind spots, which hinders weather prediction. Meteorological satellites can conduct all-dimensional all-weather observation of the atmosphere, capture lucid atmospheric changes, and fill in ground observation gaps.

Through almost 50 years’ development, China has successfully launched 17 FY meteorological satellites, with 8 in in-orbit operation, namely 5 geostationary satellites and 3 polar-orbiting satellites.

With the assistance of FY meteorological satellites, all Arab states can get access to tailored atmospheric and marine remote-sensing products. Some Arab states can also derive high frequency weather monitoring services.

The successfully launched FY-2H satellite is drifting from 94°E to 79°E in the past days. Its destination is the midair over the equatorial Indian Ocean. At this point, FY-2H satellite will proceed 2-month in-orbit testing. By that time, this geostationary satellite will better provide meteorological monitoring services for Arab states.

China makes full-fledged push to share satellite data across the globe

On April 23, 2018, China National Space Administration, (CNSA), China Meteorological Administration (CMA) and Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization (APSCO) released Intent of Cooperation and promised to optimize the configuration of FY satellites, enable their more extensive coverage of APSCO member states, and furnish data resources and services.

It also made commitments to upgrade CMACast receiving stations in APSCO member states, and promote the construction of “Belt and Road” spatial information corridor, conduct technical training in terms of FY meteorological satellite application among APSCO member states, and uplift their processing and analytical capabilities of satellite data.

(In May, 2018, FY-3B satellite monitored the first cyclonic storm Sagar over the North Indian Ocean, National Satellite Meteorological Center)

In April, the Emergency Support Mechanism for International Users of FengYun Meteorological Satellites in Disaster Prevention and Mitigation was rolled out.

According to the mechanism, if countries covered by FY geostationary satellites are gripped by disasters like typhoons, rainstorms, sandstorms and forest or prairie fires, they can apply to activate dedicated observation by FY satellites. At that time, FY-2H satellite, equipped with high frequency sub cloud images at 6-minute intervals, and related quantitative product service abilities, can offer timely decision-making support for disaster prevention and mitigation.

Users from Arab states talks about user experience of FY satellite products

On June 27, International Training Course for FY-4A Satellite Product Application was inaugurated in CMA Training Centre (CMTC) (WMO-RTC Beijing). It has recruited 22 international trainees from 15 countries like Mongolia, Algeria, and so on.

3 forecasters from Meteorological and Environmental Protection Administration, Saudi Arabia attended this training course.

Forecaster Sanussi Alaa remarked: harnessing satellites for forecasting and tracking storms bears vital significance. In this manner, we can notify the public, warn them against weather conditions like heavy rain, and ensure people’s safety. We can also use satellites for nowcasting by looking at the movement of the sandstorm. FY-4A satellite would be helpful in tracking cumulus clouds, sandstorms, or flowing dust. (July. 11)

Reporter: Lu Jian

Editor: Liu Shuqiao