Amid the COVID-19 pandemic, Sixteenth Session of the Forum on Regional Climate Monitoring-Assessment-Prediction for Asia (FOCRAII 2020) was held on 7 May 2020 via video conferencing.
Sponsored by World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and China Meteorological Administration (CMA), co-sponsored by the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) and hosted by the Beijing Climate Centre (BCC), the FOCRAII aims to address long-term forecast, climate monitoring, data services and product training annually since 2005.
This forum consists of two sessions, namely climate monitoring and prediction, as well as climate impacts and services. Around 50 participants attended the online forum, including representatives of Regional Climate Centres (RCC), WMO Members from RA II (Asia) and RA V (South-west pacific), WMO Secretariat, ESCAP, Asian Development Bank, and experts from universities. The participants exchanged their views of the climate monitoring, climate prediction as well as the possible climate impacts on the agriculture, human health, water resources and emergency management over Asia. A “consensus” prediction of the summer climate in the RA II region was produced as an output of the virtual meeting with the following highlights:
·ENSO-neutral condition is favored through the summer 2020
·The EASM and ISM are expected to near normal, with near normal onset.
·The WPSH will be stronger, with further westward displacement.
·Warmer than normal condition in most regions of Asia except for part of South China.
Wet regions: North China, Northwest China, northern South China, East Russia, middle-east and southeast India, southern Southeast Asia
Dry regions: along the Yangtze River valley, eastern Inner Mongolia, northern Xinjiang in China, northern Southeast Asia
Meanwhile, the possible climate impacts on the agriculture, energy production, human health and water resources over Asia are discussed during the forum. For example, the regions with predicted dry condition could face the risks in local rice and electricity production. The predicted warmer summer in 2020 will bring some risk on human health.
Dr. Chao Qingchen, Deputy Director General of BCC mentioned that the exchange is important to improve the delivery of climate services and the understanding and use of climate information to address societal needs, especially risk reduction, even potentially the control of COVID-19. On behalf of Prof Petteri Taalas, Secretary-General of WMO, Dr Chung Kyu Park, Director of WMO Regional Office for Asia and the South-West Pacific and Dr Wilfran Moufouma Okia, Chief of WMO Regional Climate Prediction Services Division encouraged the participants to work more closely on the impact dimension to help cope with the current and future crises. They believed that it was all the more necessary to exploit climate information for impact mitigation and adaptation, and sustainable development purposes.
Editor: Liu Shuqiao