On November 27, “2020 Green Paper on Climate Change: Enhancing Climate Action “ was released in Beijing.
The Green Paper is jointly published by Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), China Meteorological Administration (CMA) Climate Change Economics Simulation Joint Laboratory and Social Sciences Academic Press of China.
It points out that the COVID-19 pandemic has not curbed the trend of global warming, and the earth is currently facing “climate emergency state”. To enhance climate action, it’s necessary to correctly understand climate risks ahead, coordinate Intended Nationally Determined Contributions and emission reduction commitment, clarify the long-term greenhouse gas low emission path which leads to net-zero carbon emission as soon as possible, and improve the socio-economic resilience to adapt to the risk of "The Gray Rhino" climate events.
The global mean temperature of 2019 was about 1.1℃ higher than the pre-industrial level. 2019 was likely to be the second warmest year on record. Global mean sea level reached its highest level. 2019 saw low sea-ice extent both in the Arctic and Antarctic. Global climate change is taking an increasing toll on natural ecosystems and economic society. Global climate risks continue to rise, and may lead to systemic risks, posing serious threats to global natural ecosystems, economic and social development and human health.
China will take more vigorous policies and measures to realize the goals of the Paris Agreement, strive to peak carbon dioxide emissions by 2030 and achieve carbon neutral before 2060.
A forum of " Low-Carbon Development" was held on the same day. Experts shared their views on low-carbon development from the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the National Development and Reform Commission, the China Meteorological Administration and the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences . (Dec.1)
Author Wang Liang and Zhang Yibo
Editor Hao Jing