China Meteorological Administration (CMA) provides climate forecasting services that focus on predicting and preparing for potential disasters. Diverse diagnostic and analytical products have been created to address various high-impact climate disasters, including high temperatures, heavy rainfall, low temperatures, and typhoons. Deterministic and probabilistic objective forecasting products at the sub-seasonal timescale have been developed based on dynamic climate models. A climate disaster diagnostic and forecasting platform has been established and widely applied in national and provincial 10-30-day lead-time and monthly forecasting operations.
CMA has fully developed climate event forecasting services. Operational capacity building has been conducted for significant climate events during the East Asian summer monsoon, including monitoring and forecasting key circulation patterns and the onset and development processes of winter/summer monsoons. Monitoring and forecasting products have been established for the pre-flood season in South China, the plum rain, the rainy season in North China, and the autumn rain in Western China,so as to establish a comprehensive operation for the monitoring, diagnosis and forecasting of the rainy season process. Sub-seasonal to seasonal forecasting products have been developed for the key atmospheric circulation systems influencing the early or late onset of various rainy seasons, establishing objective forecasting services for climate events at the sub-seasonal to seasonal timescale.
Global climate forecasting services have been enhanced to provide real-time monitoring of basic meteorological factors and deterministic and probabilistic forecasting services at multiple time scales. These services now include 10-30 day, monthly, and seasonal forecasts. Monthly and seasonal climate forecasting services are available for various factors such as global atmospheric circulation and monsoons, important atmospheric circulation patterns in the Northern Hemisphere, global sea surface temperatures, El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), global snow cover, and global sea ice.
Monthly Global Climate Monitoring and Forecasting Reports are published and an Annual Global Climate Status Report is released each year to provide a comprehensive view of the planet's climate condition.